The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a purpose
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had quite a few goals. Various parties have described the uprising as one of the bloodiest events in West Java province. At that time, there were large-scale murders , which claimed many victims.
Previously, there were various kinds of attacks. This included the attacks in Sulawes. Until 1950, massacres took place in West Java province. The attack was led directly by Captain Westerling. Together with the APRA (Ratu Adil War Force), together with 800 people, they cruelly committed various kinds of cruel acts.
The heinous APRA uprising in West Java
The bloody attack with the victims of APRIS members was led by Piere Westerling. The attack took place in 1950. That is exactly what was done on January 23rd. Reports say that Westerling had 500 thousand soldiers who formed a secret organization.
It was supplied directly by JM Verburgh, who is the superintendent of the police from the Netherlands. Reports were received that the secret organization was named Ratu Adil Persatuan Indonesia. Meanwhile, the organization has armed units. This is called APRA.
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had specific goals. When it was formed, Westerling contacted the commander-in-chief of the Dutch army named Buurman Van Vreeen. The meeting was hosted by Westerling to discuss plans for an uprising in the government of President Sukarno.
Finally, when it was in 1950 5 . January, Piere Westerling sent his ultimatum to RIS. In essence, he demanded that the RIS respect states such as the Pasundan State. He also asked the RIS to recognize that the APRA is an armed force and serves as a Pasundan soldier.
However, the ultimatum has clearly not been answered. In the end, he decided to carry out a coup. Westerling and his followers shot and killed the armed forces they found. Several of his soldiers, along with Sergeant Meijer, were launched into the city of Jakarta to arrest Soekarn.
APRA Uprising in West Java In 1950 AD. l. had as its objective di Below
This massive uprising in West Java province took place after Indonesia became independent. Resistance continued to take place in various places until one day Indonesia actually gained independence with its own hands.
However, after the announcement of independence, various disputes or problems seem to have arisen. In fact, the APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had quite a few goals.
- Udržiavanie RIS
The Dutch colonizers and the Republic of Indonesia conducted various negotiations and have always been the Indonesian side , often receiving losses. For example, when negotiations such as Linggarjati and Renville took place, it turned out that the Dutch side denied this.
The Republic of Indonesia is led by various parties. Nevertheless, there are also those who want the RIS to stay. They are supporters of APRA. Supporters of a unitary state were eventually paralysed by the APRA
- The Netherlands wants to be safe in Indonesia
The aim of the APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 was also to keep the Dutch safely afloat in Indonesia. The existence of these colonists in Indonesia apparently brought them a great profit. They receive funds from the colonies for life.
Of course, the Dutch side received benefits from various areas. The APRA uprising also took place as a starting point to maintain its position in Indonesia.
- Pasundian states can be defended
Negara Federal Pasundan is actually part of RIS. The site is located in the province of West Java. The Dutch supported him to support him with people who did not side with the Republic of Indonesia. This was done with a mere promise to the people of Indonesia.
- Establishment of the Federal State
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to establish a federal state in the country. This is the main purpose of setting up an APRA. This is done by killing various important parties to trigger the action.
- Defending your own army
The Netherlands also wants to have its own army in its own country. The right to freedom to govern the territory. Those who joined the APRA were soldiers who were not accepted into the APRIS due to insufficient requirements. Thus, the APRA will be used as the main army in the state of Pasundan.
Sadistic APRA Uprising
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a very sadistic purpose. This uprising left very deep wounds. Bandung is like a dead city in the early 1950s. Early in the morning exactly 23. On January 1950 , the troops moved to various posts in the city of Bandung.
The soldier was the leader of Raymond Westerling, queen of the APRA. The movement continued to be carried out by the APRA forces. They walked, rode peat bogs, jeeps and much more. These soldiers will rebel against civilians, seize goods and carry out various types of torture.
The inhabitants of Bandung were terrified. All shops are closed. All residents tried to save themselves from the rebel forces. The soldiers continued to disarm all those who met on the Cimindi road to Cibereum. All the APRIS members they found were killed.
The staff, who were ready to head to their respective bases, also did not escape their cruelty. Westerling, along with his men, never had the opportunity to shoot the APRIS soldiers I met. Not only were they shot by shooting, but the APRIS soldiers were even chopped up like animals.
Their violent acts killed at least 61 TNI soldiers. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 to help the Dutch side also left18 civilians innocent. In fact, none of the APRA members was a victim. Thanks to this incident, Bandung became like a dead city.
APRA’s recognition of heartbreakingjustice
The incident, which was very disturbing in Bandung, was also acknowledged by the APRA. The group admitted that it had carried out various kinds of expulsions of military figures to civilian representatives in Bandung.
In fact, Westerling focuses on several important personalities of West Java province. These figures include Colonel Sadikin, Lieutenant Soetoko as Deputy Chief of Staff of the Siliw a ngi Division, and Major Mohamad Rivai as the Governor’s Head of Military Information . Army IV West Java.
The other four are Lieutenant Colonel Sentot Iskandardinata, Colonel Lentan dr. Errie Sudewo, who is chief of staff of the Siliwangi division, Sudjono, who is a member of the Pasundan state parliament but opposes the RI and CPM major Roehan Roesli. The assassination plan was carried out by giving the poison to 7 people.
But attempts to kill by mixing poison in their drinks apparently failed n. This is because one of the members knew about the plan from the very vicious APRA party . Finally, they planned to conduct live shooting. However, it did not work either because every target managed to escape.
The truly heinous actions of the APRA can be a dark history for the Indonesian nation. In the post-independence era, various forms of uprising occurred, which caused Indonesia to fade. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to weaken the Republic of Indonesia and destroy its rule.